- The Citizen's Guide to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030
The Sendai Framework is the outcome document of The Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction
and a successor to the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 that was adopted at the Second United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in Hyogo Prefecture in 2005. Many countries have started to implement measures for disaster risk reduction based on the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, an international guideline up to 2030.
As a city where this framework was adopted, we are improving tangibles such as essential utilities and other infrastructure as well as promoting disaster prevention and disaster risk reduction on the community level where a variety of residents, including children, elderly people, women and those with disabilities, play a main role in the efforts.
Features of the Sendai Framework
- Global targets such as reducing the mortality rate from global disasters were agreed upon for the first time
- New ideas, such as main streaming disaster prevention, pre-disaster investment to be used in measures for disaster prevention and disaster risk reduction, and the concept of “Build Back Better” were presented
- Emphasis on roles of various relevant stakeholders, including women, children and the private sector to take a preventive approach to prevent disaster and reduce disaster risk
Seven global targets for achieving the outcome and goal of the Framework
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 aims to achieve the following outcome over the next 15 years.
- The substantial reduction of disaster risks and losses concerning lives, livelihoods and health, and in the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of individuals, businesses, communities and countries.
Additionally, this shows the following goals that must be pursued to realize the outcome.
- Prevent new and reduce existing disaster risks through the implementation of integrated and inclusive economic, structural, legal, social, cultural, educational, environmental, technological, political and institutional measures that prevent and reduce hazard exposure and vulnerability to disaster, increase preparedness for response and recovery, and thus strengthen resilience.
The seven detailed global targets that should be achieved by 2030 have been set to assess global progress in achieving the outcome and goal of the Framework.
- Target 1
- Substantially reduce global disaster mortality by 2030.
- Target 2
- Substantially reduce the number of affected people globally by 2030.
- Target 3
- Reduce direct disaster-related economic loss in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP) by 2030.
- Target 4
- Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure related to healthcare and education and disruption to basic utilities by 2030.
- Target 5
- Increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020.
- Target 6
- Enhance international cooperation to provide adequate and sustainable support for developing nations to enable them to implement the disaster prevention framework by 2020.
- Target 7
- Substantially increase people’s opportunities to access multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments by 2030.
See the efforts being made in Sendai for each of the global targetsNEW
Priorities for Action
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction outlines four priorities for action which all stakeholders must implement. We need to follow these priorities for action to promote the framework on a local, national, and global level.
- Understanding disaster riskTo prepare for future disasters, it is important to understand and learn about the lessons and knowledge from past disasters or regarding disaster risk reduction.
We also need to use a variety of networks and means, and to promote the collection and sharing of disaster risk reduction-related information.
- Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk Disaster risk can be reduced if both the government and local regions understand their respective roles in disaster countermeasures and manage related plans and schedules well.
It is necessary for all stakeholders to take part in disaster risk reduction, and cooperate with each other.
- Investing in disaster risk reduction for resiliencePrior investment in structural measures such as improving the earthquake resistance of critical facilities, constructing coastal embankments and evacuation facilities, and also in non-structural measures such as formulating disaster prevention plans and disaster prevention education, will protect our citizens, the environment and our assets from disasters, and enables us to achieve rapid recovery and reconstruction after disasters.
This kind of prior investment in disaster risk reduction is more cost-effective than investing money after the disaster has occurred, and they must be actively pursued to strengthen a society’s capabilities to respond to disasters.
- Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction. The key to improving disaster risk reduction is to use both structural and non-structural measures to improve the capabilities of each stakeholder to respond to disasters. In particular, the recovery and reconstruction phase after disasters is an important opportunity to promote “Build Back Better” by using the experiences and lessons learned from disasters to strengthen the capacity to respond to disasters in all areas of the city.
See the efforts in Sendai for each priority actionNEW
Role of Multi-stakeholdersNEW
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction clearly states the importance of the role of not only the government and the UN, but also many stakeholders such as local governments, civil societies, children, women, the elderly, and those with disabilities.
Furthermore, the importance of the private sector is highlighted, and it emphasizes the importance of public-private partnerships.